What is a Strengths-Based Approach?
Most individuals see a therapist because they are experiencing a great amount of distress or conflict in their lives due to harmful behaviors, uncontrollable thoughts, tensions in their relationships or stressful events. All of the pain that accompanies these situations can decrease feelings of self-esteem, preventing people from tapping into their own strengths/coping skills. This is precisely why most therapists encourage a Strengths-Based Approach to treatment.
A Strengths-Based Approach is the act of acknowledging what you are doing right, while working towards change and healing. I.E- appreciating the tools you already have. One of the ways therapists help their patients recognize these strengths is through collaboratively constructing a Personal Model of Resilience or (PMR).
What is A Personal Model of Resilience?
A Personal Model of Resilience (PMR) is a roadmap for figuring out how you can use your strengths to your advantage. Essentially, the act of taking the time to list qualities you love about yourself, and remember how you have solved problems in the past.
A therapist will help you comprehend your PMR by getting to know you, by telling you what strengths they have noticed you display during sessions, and by encouraging you to apply these strengths to your current conflict.
Naming Your Strengths
Strengths can take many forms. When naming strengths it can be helpful to not just name things you can do but also attributes/values you have. Listed are some examples of attribute/value strengths most people possess according to research conducted by the VIA-Institute on Character:
Creativity. Curiosity. Judgment. Love of Learning. Perspective.
Bravery. Perseverance. Honesty. Authenticity. Zest.
Love. Kindness. Social Intelligence.
Teamwork. Fairness. Leadership.
Forgiveness. Humility. Prudence. Self-regulation.
Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence. Gratitude. Hope. Humor.
Everyone has strengths but not everyone finds ease in naming them on their own. Building a Personal Model of Resilience with a therapist can be an empowering, insightful experience, and can lead to better self- understanding and better healing.